Software development Manager is a person and a mentor who takes overall responsibilities to handle the software projects and plays a significant role in the successful completion of the projects on time. Throughout the completion process of the project, Manager has to face and go through many difficult situations. The job responsibilities of a project manager range from so many invisible activities like boosting up the team morale. Most of the Project managers take responsibility for writing the project proposals, cost-estimation, project staffing, monitoring and control and interfacing with the clients. This can all be possible when the Manager is well familiar with all the procedures, policies and technical issues of software development programming.
There are some basic responsibilities and duties of a manager:
Analyses project requirements and make a decent design plan
Sets attainable goals to team members and monitors status of developing software in order to finish perfect projects within tenure.
Provide guidance to team for encouraging work productivity
Make sure the finish line or deadline to be followed by the software development group
Manage multiple projects at once and ensure that software development follows appropriate processes.
The role and task of a project manager encompass many jobs and activities:
Define scope of the project
Activity Planning and Scheduling
Documentation and creating charts
Risk Analysis and Time Management
Ensures customer satisfaction
Implementation, Monitoring and check progress
Project Planning and Activity Scheduling:
Once a project requirement and specification analysis is done, project planning is undertaken immediately when the project is found to be feasible and monitor its progress. During the project planning, the project manager must define the scope very clearly in order to implement your plan more effectively. There are some general questions that must be known to the team like who will be the customers and what needs will the software satisfy? What are the operational requirements of the project?
Manager first list out the varied jobs to be accomplished and in every job, there are some various small tasks to be completed. This may only be finished on time if there is a proper activity schedule. In fact, one can list all these activities, jobs and tasks in the Gantt chart which helps in deciding the deadlines for the various activities and refine the plan of the project.
Once project planning is done, the next part is to find the size estimation of the project which is the important parameter in which cost, time and effort estimation will be evaluated.
A good project manager should analyze the project in such a way that the project would be completed in least budget and within finish line. Even if a project meets a client’s expectations and is delivered on time, it will still be a failure if it goes wildly over-budget. Good project managers frequently review the budget and plan ahead to avoid massive budget overruns.
Risk Analysis and Time Management:
There are more chances of hurdles to be seen when the project is too large. So it is the duty of the project manager to analyze and evaluate potential risks before the beginning of the project and avoid the risks.
Client usually judges the success and failure of the project depending upon whether the project is delivered within a timeline or not. So to manage the timeline is very important and a project manager should set realistic deadlines and always keep in touch and remind their team about the required deadlines. Every activity should set a duration under which it could be accomplished.
In real words, a project is considered to succeed if the customer is happy which is true. Every Project Manager has a key responsibility to minimize or in fact avoid any unwanted surprises or hurdles and is able to maintain effective communication to keep the client up-to-date.
Project Managers are an integral part of every kind of organization for their better efficiency and productivity. The team without the right kind of authority to handle project management issues can easily get into trouble- well said by Scott Berkun, the author of “Making Things Happen”