Programming incorporates an extensive range of skills and topics. There are three career paths: frontend development which helps building what users interact with and see, backend development are focused on data modeling and backend of website and full stack development is the third one who is responsible for developing client and server software both. Frontend and backend developers are both the most essential for project development. If you are able to know the working process of the developers, then you will be able to identify and choose out the best between frontend and backend developers. From the stack overflow 2020 survey, it is found that backend developers have maximum respondents, full stack developers in the next and frontend developers have the minimum respondents.
Before discussing frontend developer, backend developer and full stack developer, there is need to know a little about web development:
Web development is the process of building and maintaining websites for the internet. Web development varies from developing a single static page website to complex web based internet application. Frontend, backend and full stack development are the three trending career platforms that are responsible ranging from developing the websites and the visuals to the actions on the website and develop all layers of the software.
Skills required to frontend developer:
For the successful frontend developer, there are some basic development skills that are currently needed the most in 2020.
HTML and CSS:
If we talk about the building blocks of frontend development, it is no question these are HTML and CSS. We should learn the latest version of HTML which includes audio, video, dialog elements and semantic elements which comprises Nav, section, aside and many more to make your code clear.
CSS is the cascading style sheet used for styling.With the use of selectors, you are able to get the elements to style and then you can also use various properties like padding, color, margin, etc, to make them more stylish. For placing the elements in the proper layout, flexbox is to be learned.
There are some shortcomings in CSS, for example, the lack of iteration and mixins to make our code reusable. Therefore, there are a lot of CSS preprocessors that are used to solve shortcomings like LESS, SASS and SCSS. The look of SCSS is the same as that of CSS.
The backend of a website consists of a server, an application and database. The backend developers are responsible for creating, maintaining, testing, and debugging the entire back end. This includes the core application logic, databases, data and application integration, API and other back end processes. Back-end developers use languages like PHP, Ruby, Python, Java, and .Net to build an application and make the perfect communication between server, application and database. There are some tools which are being used by Backend developer and they are MySQL, Oracle, and SQL Server and used to find, save, or change data and serve it to the user in front end code.
Responsibilities of a back-end developer can include working with:
- Database creation, integration, and management
- Back-end frameworks to build server-side software
- Web server technologies
- Cloud computing integration
- Server-side programming languages
- Operating systems
- Content management system development, deployment, and maintenance
- API integration
- Security settings and hack prevents
- Reporting—generating analytics and statistics
- Backup and restore technologies for a website’s files and DB